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Arctic Background



The Arctic surrounds the North Pole and is mostly water Рmuch of it frozen. There is land Рfor example the north of countries such as Canada , Russia and the USA  and the island which we went to РSpitsbergen.

The icebergs and glaciers that you find in the Arctic are frozen fresh water but most of the ice you see is frozen sea water or sea ice . During the summer some of this sea ice melts and that allows ships to travel around the island. Polar bears and other animals live on this sea ice and that is why we are so worried about global warming – there is less sea ice every year and that is a disaster!

During the summer months the sun never sets in the Arctic . That means that it never goes dark ! This photo shows the aircraft we arrived on – taken at midnight!!!